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Fotograma de vídeo con motivo de la exposición Made in L.A. 2018, en el Hammer Museum, Los Angeles

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Nacimiento: 1920 en Maiquetía, Vargas, Venezuela
Residencia: Reside en Santa Monica, California, Estados Unidos
Próximas exposiciones individuales: Luchita Hurtado, Dark Years
Organizaciones con obra: Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA), MoMA - The Museum of Modern Art
Etiquetas:
Publicada el 17 dic de 2018      Vista 50 veces

Descripción del Artista

Luchita Hurtado (Maiquetía, Venezuela, 28 de octubre de 1920) es una pintora venezolana, cuyo estilo artístico ha estado inmerso entre el surrealismo, y la abstracción informalista. Durante 7 décadas, ha trabajado y realizado exposiciones en galerías de Estados Unidos en Los Angeles, Taos (NM), Chicago y Santa Mónica. Luchita Hurtado emigró a EE UU desde Venezuela con su familia a los 8 años de edad y se instalaron en la ciudad de Nueva York, donde pudo formarse en la Art Students League. Comenzó su carrera artística a principios de los años 40, trabajando como ilustradora de moda para Condé Nast y como muralista para las tiendas Lord & Taylor. En esa época comenzó a realizar estancias en México, donde conoció a artistas como Frida Kahlo, Remedios Varo, Leonora Carrington, Rufino Tamayo y Wolfgang Paalen, quien se convirtió en su marido. Con él se mudó a San Francisco a finales de los años 40 y allí formaron parte del Dynaton Group, un movimiento artístico de carácter post-surrealista, con influencias estéticas extraídas de la espiritualidad de las culturas precolombinas y nativo-americanas. Su reconocimiento ha sido muy tardío, no ha sido hasta el año 2018 cuando ha recibido el interés de la crítica especializada, a partir de su participación en la Bienal del Hammer Museum de Los Angeles. En esta muestra, titulada “Made in L. A. 2018”, ha llamado la atención la vitalidad y actualidad de su trabajo, realizado sobre todo en la década de los años 70. Su obra mezcla formas abstractas biomórficas, patrones indígenas y figuras totémicas más figurativas, en las que representa partes del cuerpo femenino. Dentro de este grupo se encontraba también el pintor estadounidense Lee Mullican (1919-1998), tercer marido de Luchita Hurtado y padre de sus dos hijos: el célebre artista Matt Mullican (1951) y el director creativo John Mullican. Algunas obras suyas se conservan en el MOMA de NY y el LACMA de Los Angeles. ENG Luchita Hurtado (b. 1920 Caracas, Venezuela) works in Santa Monica, California. In 1928 Hurtado immigrated to New York City, where she studied at Washington Irving High School and the Art Students League. She began her career in the early 1940s as a fashion illustrator for Condé Nast and as a muralist for Lord & Taylor. In the mid-1940s, Hurtado frequently traveled between New York and Mexico City, where she worked within an international group of artists and writers who were part of the World War II diaspora. In the late 1940s, Hurtado moved to Mill Valley, California, where she associated with the Dynaton Group. In 1951 she moved to Los Angeles, where she has resided ever since. Recent solo exhibitions include the Annenberg Community Beach House, Santa Monica (2017) and Park View Gallery, Los Angeles (2016). Prior to these, her last solo exhibition was held at the Women’s Building, Los Angeles (1974). Hurtado has exhibited sporadically from the 1950s until the present, including at Night Club Gallery, Chicago (2016); Carnegie Art Museum, Oxnard, California (1994); Tally Richards Gallery, Taos, New Mexico (1970); and Paul Kantor Gallery, Los Angeles (1953). Over the course of her long career, Luchita Hurtado has maintained a rigorous commitment to experimentation—with styles, forms, and materials, and across a range of media. Hurtado’s works from the 1940s and 1950s primarily consist of paintings and works on paper that contain abstract forms, biomorphic landscapes, totemic figures, and patterns. These early works also convey Hurtado’s ideas about humanity, the universe and the cosmos, and nature and the environment, themes that continue to inform her oeuvre. The works on view in Made in L.A. 2018 span the late 1960s to the 1970s, at a time when the artist primarily divided her time between Taos and Los Angeles. During this period, her work shifted from biomorphic abstraction to more figurative representations. This departure was inspired, in part, by the political and social changes occurring in the United States and throughout the world, including the women’s liberation movement and the beginnings of the environmental movement. Hurtado was particularly attuned to the activities of the women’s movement, and representations of her own body are, as she has put it, an “affirmation of self,” an assertion of her own presence and power. Many of these paintings are rendered from above, with Hurtado’s breasts, arms, legs, feet and hands partially visible against backdrops of patterned floors, planters, and woven baskets. In stark contrast to the traditional straightforward or three-quarter self-portrait, Hurtado chose to represent herself from a skewed angle in which her body is the only constant within a shifting array of backgrounds and scenarios. These psychologically complex portraits frequently contain symbolic imagery: pears and apples refer to sex and sexuality, yarn and baskets to domestic labor, and toys to children and family. Hurtado also produced a number of landscape paintings wherein the human body merges with the desert or mountains—breasts become sand dunes and a navel doubles as a hole in the ground. These works challenge the binary notion that humans are disconnected from the natural world, proposing instead that the earth is a living and breathing thing. Another prominent element in some of her landscape paintings from this period—feathers—relates to a ritual that Hurtado witnessed, where feathers are placed over a bonfire and left to float in midair. Hung together in Made in L.A. 2018, Hurtado’s self-portraits and landscapes shed light on a pivotal moment in her expansive practice.

Actualizado

el 19 dic de 2018

Exposiciones en las que ha participado como artista

Luchita Hurtado
23 may de 2019 - 08 sep de 2019

Luchita Hurtado

Serpentine Sackler Gallery / London, London, City of, Reino Unido

Dark Years
31 ene de 2019 - 06 abr de 2019

Dark Years

Hauser & Wirth New York I / Nueva York, New York, Estados Unidos

Vista de la exposición. Cortesía de la galería
12 nov de 2016 - 07 ene de 2017

Selected works, 1942 – 1952

Park View / Los Angeles, California, Estados Unidos


Cartel. Pantallazo de la web
03 jun de 2018 - 02 sep de 2018

Made in L.A. 2018

Hammer Museum / Los Angeles, California, Estados Unidos


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